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Clean the parts well with castile-soap and warm water. As soon as you

have discovered the disease, stop wetting the legs, as that only

aggravates it, and use ointment made from the following substances:

Powdered charcoal, two ounces; lard or tallow, four ounces; sulphur, two

ounces. Mix them well together, then rub the ointment in well with your

hand on the affected parts. If the above is not at hand, get gunpowder,

e lard or tallow, in equal parts, and apply in the same manner. If

the animal be poor, and his system need toning up, give him plenty of

nourishing food, with bran mash mixed plentifully with the grain. Add a

teaspoonful of salt two or three times a day, as it will aid in keeping

the bowels open. If the stable bottoms, or floors, or yards are filthy,

see that they are properly cleaned, as filthiness is one of the causes

of this disease. The same treatment will apply to scratches, as they are

the same disease in a different form.

To avoid scratches and grease-heel during the winter, or indeed at any

other season, the hair on the mule's heels should never be cut. Nor

should the mud, in winter season, be washed off, but allowed to dry on

the animal's legs, and then rubbed off with hay or straw. This washing,

and cutting the hair off the legs, leave them without any protection,

and is, in many cases, the cause of grease-heel and scratches.